All about dry skin

When your skin is dry, it will feel tight, rough and be dull in appearance. Dry skin occurs when there is a lack of keratin which helps keep skin soft and supple. Keratin needs water to keep it pliable and healthy and when there is not enough water the keratin crumbles which then causes the skin to become dry. To prevent this from happening and to keep the keratin healthy, a way must be found to keep the water trapped in the skin.

Moisturisers are very important since keeping the skin moist is a key factor in healthy skin. It must be remembered that moisturisers can only keep the moisture from escaping from the skin, they can’t return the moisture back into the skin.

Good old fashioned Vaseline is still the most effective moisturiser as it coats the skin so that no water can escape. However it can be greasy which many people don’t like. As most moisturiers have an oily base and are greasy, it is best to use them at night rather than during the day, it also gives them more time to have effect on the skin.

Other ingredients often added to moisturisers are lanolin (which may cause an allergic reaction), vitamins, essential fatty acids, collagen, elastin, and keratin. Collagen, elastin, and keratin are of little value to the moisturiser and drive the price up more than the moisturiser is worth. One important tip to remember when using moisturisers is to apply to damp skin. This assists in trapping moisture in the skin, keeping it better lubricated.

If you have dry skin, avoid deodorants or antibacterial soaps, since they can be drying to the skin. Cleansing creams and lotions are the most useful for particularly dry or sensitive skin, leaving a layer of oil that helps lubricate the skin much as moisturisers do, but they are only moderately effective at cleansing the skin. Mildly moisturising soaps are probably the most useful for general use since they clean well without stripping the skin of it’s natural oils.

Tips for Dry Skin

Frequent baths and showers may be the reason why your skin is so dry. This can strip your skin of any moisture and oil in the skin. Here are some steps to take, which can help to restore moisture to your skin:

  • Reduce the baths and showers to at least every other day or less. You can take sponge baths instead in-between times. Dry skin sufferers should wash their face with a cleanser only once a day, preferably in the evening. In the morning, just splash cool water or use a moisturising toner and moisturising cream. Washing at night gives your skin time to replenish moisture lost during the day due to cleansing and natural elements.
  • Rinse soap off thoroughly. Soap can leave a film on your skin that is drying.
  • Use towels with care. Washcloths can further irritate your skin, so you should avoid using them. When drying off, pat your skin as rubbing can irritate dry skin. Avoid using astringents and clarifying lotions on your face. These products contain alcohol and can irritate dry skin too.
  • Keep your house cool. Overheated houses are one of the main reasons dry skin seems to occur more in wintertime. The less hot air that circulates, the better chance you have of keeping some humidity in the air.
  • Put a plant in your life. Plants work much the same as a humidifier by keeping more moisture in the air. Keep them watered and see what a difference they can make.
  • Avoid steam. Saunas and steam baths can make you sweat. Sweating will leach out any natural moisturising factors in your skin, leaving your skin drier than it was before.
  • Wear gloves. Chapped and irritated dry skin on the hands is a common problem for people with dry skin. Try rubber gloves when working in hot water and detergents. If you have problems with allergies, wear a cotton pair underneath.
  • Exercise. Exercise increases blood flow and the supply of oxygen and nutrients to your skin. Exercise will help your skin to look dewy and firm, reducing the dry brittleness.
  • Food. Eat food which contains small amounts of oils and cheese.
  • Lotion. Mix 2-3 drops of rose water in 2 tbsp. of cream and massage into your face, wash with warm water after 20 minutes.
  • Mask. Take egg yolk and mix 3 tbsp. of cream and apply to your face, wait till it dries and wash with flour. Don’t apply around the eyes.
  • Moisturise. Take a very ripe banana and massage you face with mashed banana for 5 minutes, then wait for 15 minutes before washing your face with warm water.
  • Massage. Mix 2 drops of honey in cream and massage into your face and neck, after 1 hour wash off with warm water.
  • Milk. To avoid dryness in your skin, use milk. Milk contains moisturiser. Take a tablespoon of milk and apply to face and neck and rinse with warm or cold water every day.
  • Moisturising bath. Add 10-12 drops of coconut oil in your bathing water or apply coconut oil to your body and then take bath.
  • Apply moisturiser before you do your make-up. It will also help the make-up last longer.
  • Dry skin: Don’t wash your face with soap. Because it makes your face even dryer.
  • Butter mask. In fresh butter, add plain flour and olive oil, make a paste and apply to your face for 10 minutes every morning and night. Do this for a month and you will soon see a big difference in your face.

Dry Skin Face Mask


  • 1 egg yolk
  • Half an avocado
  • Tepid water or mild skin lotion
  • Beat the yolk of an egg until it is light and frothy, then add the mashed pulp of a half avocado, blending it well (you do this in a blender).
  • Cleanse your face thoroughly before using this mask.
  • Spread the avocado mixture over the face and neck evenly and relax on a slant board or bed for about 20 minutes.
  • Remove with clear tepid water and a face cloth, followed by a rinse of cold water or a mild skin lotion.
  • The result should be a marked improvement in skin texture, and all-around revitalising.

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